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By southernsca10146077, Dec 5 2017 03:01PM

What is the best time to seed?

Seeds germinate when spring temperatures approach 70 degrees. In addition, the soil needs to be moist to promote seed germination. If temperatures are too high then seeds will not be able to stay slightly moist. Also, the seeds need to be in contact with soil in order to germinate. Grass seed can be planted in early fall. Seeds need about two months to germinate and grow enough before freezing temperatures arrive.

How should I plant grass seeds?

Remove any dead grass and loosen the topsoil with a rake. Spread the seeds. Rake over the seeds lightly with the tines of the rake turned up. Add a 1/4” layer of straw mulch on top of the seeds to keep them from drying out. Make sure the seeds are in contact with the soil by pressing down on the seeds with a drum roller. Water the seeds two to three times per day to keep them somewhat moist. Each watering should last about 15 to 25 minutes. Daily watering needs to continue until the seeds germinate. This might take two to three weeks.

How can I get my soil tested?

Contact your local Cooperative Extension office to find out how to send in a soil sample for a free soil test. A soil test should state the pH of the soil. A pH below 7 would indicate that the soil is acidic. Most grasses like a pH of 6 to 7. Lime can be added to the soil if the pH is too low. An alkaline soil would be indicated by a pH above 7.

What is the meaning of a fertilizer’s numbers?

Each container of fertilizer is labeled with three numbers. These numbers refer to the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium respectively contained within the fertilizer. Nitrogen is very important for grass. It gives grass its healthy green color and helps it grow. A lawn that is pale green or yellow in color may need more nitrogen. A lawn that is very dark green in color might have taken in too much nitrogen.

What fertilizer should I use?

Most grasses need a fertilizer that is high in nitrogen. For example, a formula of 28-0-3 is common. Slow-release fertilizers are helpful, especially for sandy soils. Use a fertilizer recommended for your grass type.

By guest, Sep 6 2017 11:36PM

What varieties of grass grow best in the Greenville area?

Fescue is a good choice for grass that will look better during the cool season of the year. Otherwise use Bermuda, Centipede, and Zoysia. These varieties will do better during the warm season of the year.

How often should I water my grass?

The average lawn needs 1 to 1-1/2 inches of water per week. How much water the lawn needs depends on the soil type, humidity, and temperature. We recommend long infrequent soaking of your lawn. Watering 1 to 2 times per week should be sufficient. You can water up to 2 or 3 times per week. You should water your lawn early in the morning. Watering during the middle of the day results in water being wasted due to evaporation. Watering in the evening can promote diseases that thrive in moist soil.

How can I help the grass to grow in shaded areas?

Grass needs sunlight to grow. Increase the sunlight under trees by pruning any tree limbs that are within 10 feet of ground level.

What cutting height setting should be used on my mower?

The proper height setting for your lawn mower depends on the grass type. Generally, use the highest height setting on your mower or at least 3 inches in height. Cut the grass often enough that you cut no more than 1/3 of the grass’s height at a time. However, warm season grasses such as Bermuda, Zoysia, and Centipede need to be cut with a lower mower height setting. To keep your lawn healthy, only mow when the lawn is dry and periodically sharpen the blades of your mower.

How can I get rid of Weeds?

Weeds come in two varieties – annual and perennial. Annual weeds grow from seeds. Perennial weeds grow from roots that survive cold winter temperatures. Crabgrass is an annual weed that looks like a tiny flattened corn plant. Use a pre-emergent herbicide in the early spring for weeds like crabgrass prior to the germination of seeds. After weed seeds have germinated and are actively growing, a different herbicide needs to be used on the weeds. A post-emergent herbicide works by contacting the surface of weed leaves and by being absorbed into the roots of the weed. A healthy well-fertilized lawn will also naturally crowd out many weeds. We recommend fertilizing your lawn during its growing season.

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